Jaipur, September, 2019.

Driving a behaviour change initiates a paradigm shift in every campaign. And the Swachh Bharat Mission Gramin (SBM-G) has done just that in rural sanitation, driving behaviour change adoption at the grassroots for an open defecation free (ODF) India. This is a significant factor for the momentum and gains from SBM-G to be sustained. This also impacts the operation and maintenance of sanitation infrastructure is a key pillar, along with reinforcing behaviour change, capacity building and seepage management.

The state administration of Rajasthan, under the leadership of Mr P.C. Kishan, Mission Director imparted training on retrofitting and toilet technology to 900 Junior Engineers and Junior Technical Assistants, 3 from each of the 295 blocks of the State.

Retrofitting includes modifying toilets with single pits to double pits after fixing a Y junction, and attaching soak pits to toilets with septic tanks.

The training on toilet technology and retrofitting included regular site visits and tours in rural areas.  The aim of the training programme was to facilitate retrofitting of already constructed toilets using effective twin pit toilet technology which converts human excreta into environmentally friendly compost manure by using the two pits alternatively.  With a whopping 77 lakh single pit toilets constructed over the last five years in the villages of Rajasthan, they were likely to get filled with septic slurry in due course and if left untreated, would lead to an immensely hazardous situation.

The initiative taken on such a massive scale was the first of its kind.  As many as 900 participants were divided into 3 different batches and later subdivided into 6 groups of 50 each.  They were trained at 18 practical sites and one theoretical  training. The training programme was conducted with the help of UNICEF.  Such retrofitting training will now be scaled up in future, to cover all other rural areas.

In the pipeline are a training programme for 50,000 swachhagrahis, masons, sarpanches and gram sevaks, so that all people of the state have access to working sanitation facilities; and that no one is left out.