The state of Rajasthan, for the last three consecutive years, has been top of the states across the India for the implementation of ‘Beti Bachao Beti Padhao’ program in order to do successful efforts towards preventing girl feticide and providing education to daughters. At a time when the entire nation is celebrating National Daughters’ Day this Sunday, social workers and experts working in the field of girl child education and health believe that the state government needs to invest more on daughters.
So far, in a bid to put a check on the slaughter of daughters in the womb, the state’s PCPNDT cell has so far conducted 154 decoy operations As a result a reduction has been observed in the trend of gender selection during pregnancy and illegal abortions, if there is a daughter in the womb. It is depicted in the data of Pregnancy and Child Tracking System (PCTC)of the state medical and health department, according to which, the child sex ratio at birth in the state has increased to 948 this year, which was only 888 as per the 2011 census. That means, there has been an improvement of 60 points in the girl sex ratio at birth, according to the live infant birth rate as compared to 2011 to 2019.
Manan Chaturvedi of Surman, an NGO working in the state said that, “After being successful in securing daughters in the womb, now Rajasthan also needs to invest in its girl child who are born. There is a need to improve the situation if we look at other parameters related to health and education. We still have much to achieve on social and cultural fronts, including girls’ education, nutrition, health, crime & violence agaist girls. “
The opinion of experts sounds relevant and genuine. According to the National Family Health Survey – 2015-16 (NFHS-4), 35.4 percentage of women between age of 20-24 years were married before getting the age of 18 years. As a result, more than 6 percent of adolescent in the age bracket of 15-19 years were already mothers or pregnant at the time of the survey. According to the Sample Registration Survey Report 2016 (SRS), the death rate of girls under 5 year age is 49 per thousand live birth.
Similarly, according to the Annual Status of Education Report (ASER-2018), one out of every five girls took admission in school leaves school by the age of 15-16. Whereas according to the NFHS-4, about 43 percent of girls 6 years of age or older never went to school.
A senior health official at state health department said that, “policy makers and those responsible for its implementation must make serious efforts in this direction as the return on investment on girls’ health and education is seen in other important paradigms of integrated social development. A mentally & physically healthy and well educated daughter can eliminate social vices like child marriage and domestic violence. Further, as a would be mother she ensures that our upcoming generation will be healthier, stronger, wiser, and more productive for the society.”
|Child Mortality Rates|
|Infant Mortality Rate in females||44||36||SRS Statistical report 2016|
|Under-5 mortality rate in females||49||41||SRS Statistical report 2016|
|Age group wise out of school girls|
|% girls aged 7-10 years not enrolled in different types of schools||2.60%||1.60%||ASER Rajasthan 2018|
|% girls aged 11-14 years not enrolled in different types of schools||7.40%||4.10%||ASER Rajasthan 2018|
|% girls aged 15-16 years not enrolled in different types of schools||20.10%||13.50%||ASER Rajasthan 2018|
|Population (female) age 6 years and above who ever attended school (%)||57.20%||68.80%||NFHS 4 (year 2015-16)|