New Delhi, July 11, 2020.
On July 11, the World Population Day is observed in an attempt to raise awareness about the trend of growing global population and its implications. It was established in 1989 by the governing council of the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP).
July 11 also marked the day when the world had reached the overall population of 5 billion in the year 1987.
This dramatic explosion of population has been a result of certain trends like increasing the number of people surviving to the reproductive age, “accompanied by major changes in fertility rates, increasing urbanization and accelerating migration”.
These trends do not stop here and actually have far reaching effects. They do affect and will continue to affect the “economic development, employment, income distribution, poverty and social protections”.
Increasing population will also affect the efforts by the UN and other authorities to ensure universal access to health care, housing, education, sanitation, food, water, and energy.